Believing in god: an eternal issue۱۶ دی ۱۳۸۵
Do you believe in god? This is a controversial question people have been asking each other since the beginning of time. What would you say about it? In this short article, I try to briefly explain what I find on the issue without any definite claim and I seriously doubt if any one could.
First of all, let’s distinguish between the two kinds of theism which is necessary in this discussion. Theism in the narrow sense means believing in the “existence of an omnipotent, omniscient, eternal, supremely good being who created the world.”(1) And in the broad sense, it means believing in the “existence of some sort of divine being or divine reality” (2)
According to me, seemingly one can be justified in not believing in god in the narrow sense because of the “problem of evil”. Unfortunately there is no opportunity to elaborate it here. According to this opinion, the vulgar idea of god which almost all of Jewish, Christian and Muslims share will be rejected.
Now let’s look at theism as a broad meaning. Briefly speaking, to believe in god in this sense has equal evidences with nonbelieving and it’s up to you to choose either one. Nevertheless still there is a nontheoretical preference for believing in god: “psychological health”. Some intellectual theists, who believe in god in the broad meaning, claim believing in god-divine reality-is psychologically useful.
Besides that, it is commonly accepted that believing in god is a never-ending issue which human being have been coping with throughout the history.
1. Philosophy of religion, the big questions, edited by Eleonorse Stump and Michael J. Murry, Blackwell,1999,p.157.
2. Ibid, p.157.